Tuesday, April 8, 2014

G is for Geography

This post was a combined effort of the students in the World Geography class at Cedar Ridge Academy Private Therapeutic Boarding School. They made a list answering the question: What skills/topics have you learned or will learn in World Geography? After making this list, they split up into two groups and each group chose a topic to discuss for G is for the Geography. The tricky thing about boys and girls working together is getting it all to sound coherent.  Check out how they did!

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G is for Geography
Climate regions of the world are essential to understand in World Geography. Many regions all over the world have different types of climate. A tropical wet climate is hot and muggy all year round. The rainfall in a tropical wet climate is heavy, and there are also plenty of thunderstorms going on throughout the year. This climate is common in parts of South America along with some parts in Africa. There are also lots of bamboos, herbs, and shrubs in this region. The animals that are in this area include fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals.

Another type of climate is the high latitude climate. This climate is cold much of the year and has little sunlight. This means that there's not much vegetation. Not having a large amount of vegetation means that the area is very dry with little amount of rainfall.

Another type of climate region is the tundra climate region. This climate region is cold dry, and has treeless land. Regions that include this type of climate are area in northern parts of North America, Europe, Asia, and Greenland. There is continuous daylight in the midsummer time along with darkness in mid-winter. The vegetation type in the tundra includes shrubs, birch, and willows. These are different types of trees. A nickname for the tundra region is “Arctic deserts” land remains frozen for most of the year. The animals inhabited in the tundra biome include: the snowy owl, snow goose, arctic hare, reindeer moss, and a musk oxen.

In addition to climate, natural resources affect how we live in our world and understand its geography. In discussing natural resources, there are a few crucial topics to cover. They include different types of natural resources, renewable and non-renewable resources, and where each of those things are found.
In discussing natural resources, there are a few crucial topics to cover. They include different types of natural resources, renewable and non-renewable resources, and where each of those things are found.

Starting off with the different types of resources, there are renewable and non-renewable; some renewable resources include wind energy, which uses wind turbines to generate electricity, another is geothermal power, which uses the Earth’s heat to create electricity, there is hydro-electric which uses water from rivers to turn turbines that produce power, and lastly, there is solar energy that uses the energy from the sun to make power. Moving into the non-renewable resources of the world, there are many that once used, cannot be replenished, like oil, coal, and natural gas. These all create harmful emissions and will eventually run out anyway. Now, we move more in depth into renewable and non-renewable resources.

There are many renewable and non-renewable resources. The most common renewable resources are wind, water, and solar. Renewable resources are good for the environment. There are very few negatives, if any, related to using renewable resources. The best thing about them is if managed properly, they will last us forever.

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Oil and Natural Gas Production in the United States
Source: http://iv-g.livejournal.com/390011.html?thread=71803 
There are also non-renewable resources. The three main ones are coal, oil, and natural gas. These have many pros and cons. The pros are that we are able to get a lot of energy from them; another pro is that we, for the most part, know how to use them efficiently. Along with the pros, there are many cons too. One of the cons to using non-renewable resources is that when they are used, they release greenhouse gases that keep heat in our atmosphere. Another con is that once we use them, they are gone for a long time. Because of this, we will have to look for something new to replace it in the future.

Coming off the topic of renewable and non-renewable resources, it’s time to look at where some of these resources are located. Starting with the renewable resources, they are found in multiple places and are not specific to just one area. Solar energy can be harnessed anywhere that gets sufficient sun every day. As for wind power, it is best harnessed in flat plains-like areas where the wind is not slowed down by hills or mountains. Hydro-electric power is only really useful to areas where there is a fast moving body of water to turn the turbines and generate power. Finally, geothermal energy can really be used anywhere that you can dig into the ground deep enough to reach the Earth’s internal heat. As for non-renewable resources, oil is found heavily in Mexico, Alaska, Venezuela, and the Middle-east, along with other places. Coal can be found all across the world in mines dug just for that reason; there are not really exclusive areas where it is found.
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This is a picture of the list the students made
A great List-Group-Label activity (L-G-L)

In conclusion, World Geography helps us to understand the world around us.  Through understanding the climate regions of the world and the natural resources provided, we can function better together as a society.



Sources: 
Boehm, Richard. World Geography and Culture. Columbus: Glencoe: Mc-Graw Hill, 2008.

Moran, Joseph M. “Climate”. World Book Inc.. Ed. Scott Fetzer. Chicago: World Book, Inc.  2005, 676a-676c.

Shepherd, Donna Walsh. “Tundra.” World Book Inc.. Ed. Scott Fetzer. Chicago: World Book, Inc.  2005, 485-486. 

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