|Y is for Yalta|
In 1945, in Crimea Russia, three world leaders met to discuss post war plans for the world. The leaders were Prime Minister Winston Churchill, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin. They met to discuss what would be done with Germany after the war, if there would be war trials and where the war trials would be held, what would be done to help establish order in Europe and get the defeated countries back on their feet.
Franklin D Roosevelt was the 32 President of the United States from 1933 to 1945. He was born in 1882 in Hyde Park, New York. He got polio in 1921. He had many achievements in his life such as being appointed assistant secretary of the Navy in 1913, being elected governor of New York in 1928 and being elected president in 1932, 1936, 1940, and in 1944. During his president years, he established the New Deal and the Good Neighbor policy. He led America through the Great Depression and the attack on Pearl Harbor. He signed the declaration of war against Japan after the attack or Pearl Harbor on December 7th.
Winston Churchill was the Prime minister of Great Britain starting at 1940. Out of the three world leaders, he had been in politics for the shortest time. Churchill was also a noted speaker, painter, author, war reporter, and soldier. He was born in Oxfordshire, England, in 1874. He graduated from the Royal Military College when he was 21 years old and in 1901, he entered the House of Commons. He was also knighted and won a Noble Prize for literature and retired in 1955. He is known for his “V” for victory, which gave hope for the British people. During the conference, he was not happy with Germany because of the bombing of Britain which killed lots of British civilians and had lots of damage. He also feared that Stalin might keep the territories in Eastern Europe that his troops occupied.
|A famous picture of the Big Three|
At the Conference, several issues were discussed and decided on. Germany would split up into four separate territories that would be separately governed by the UK, the U.S., the Soviet Union and France. War criminals would be tried in Germany for their crimes against humanity. Germany would give the Soviet Union equipment for the damages on the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union would enter the war with Japan in exchange for territory in Manchuria, and the Kurile Islands. Everyone agreed to a world peace keeping organization called the United Nations.
Clemens, Diane Shaver. “Yalta Conference.” World Book. Ed. Scott Fetzer. Chicago: World Book Inc. 2005. 549.
Marrin, Albert. “Stalin, Joseph.” World Book. Ed. Scott Fetzer. Chicago: World Book Inc. 2005. 825-827.
Patterson James T. “Roosevelt, Franklin Delano.” World Book. Ed. Scott Fetzer. Chicago: World Book Inc. 2005. 452-462.
Thompson Carol L. “Churchill, Sir Winston.” World Book Ed. Scott Fetzer. Chicago: World Book Inc. 2005. 545-549
U.S. Department of State. “The Yalta Conference, 1945.” Office of the Historian 3/19/2014. https://history.state.gov/milestone/1937-1945/yalta-conf.